Hysteroscopy is a day procedure which involves placing a small camera into the uterus by the vagina to assess if there are any previously undiagnosed abnormalities. This procedure can be useful by itself or in conjunction with a laparoscopy. The conditions that hysteroscopy aims to diagnose and treat include endometrial polyps, uterine fibroids, adhesions or scarring or abnormalities around the lining of the uterus. It is usually performed in conjunction with a biopsy where a small piece of tissue is sent for further assessment in a laboratory. This can provide further information regarding fertility.