Conditions Affecting Fertility

Male Infertility

Male infertility can affect up to 50% of all couples seeking fertility treatment. The most common causes include:

  • Genetic problems
  • Hormonal problems
  • Difficulties with erections or ejaculation
  • Lifestyle issues such as excess weight
  • Smoking (including cannabis)
  • Sperm antibodies
  • Blockages including previous vasectomy
  • Previous cancer therapy or radiation
  • Previous testicular surgery or surgery as a child to correct an undescended testes.

In many cases no known underlying cause is identified.

The best way to assess male fertility is through a semen analysis. This should be performed in an accredited laboratory. If there are abnormalities it is common to repeat the test.

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